The Morality of Erectile Dysfunction Treatments
Sexuality and reproduction are fundamental elements in human interaction and society worldwide. Accordingly, most religions have seen a need to address the question of a “proper” role for sexuality in human interactions. Different religions have different codes of sexual morality, which regulate sexual activity or assign normative values to certain sexually charged actions or thoughts. The views of religions and religious believers range widely, from holding that sex and the flesh are evil to the belief that sex is the highest expression of the divine. Some religions distinguish between sexual activities that are practiced for biological reproduction (sometimes allowed only when in formal marital status and at a certain age), and other activities practiced for sexual pleasure. Some religions view certain types of sexuality as “immoral” such as homosexuality. In light of the fact that sexuality is such an integral part of religious discussion, where does the issue of erectile dysfunction treatments such as Viagra, fall in relation to religious belief and doctrine. This article looks at the impact the issue of Viagra has had in relation to some of the major religions of our time.
While more liberal branches of religious 긍정적인 비아그라 후기 organisations have adapted perspectives more consistent with contemporary general secular culture. Many religions still share the idea that human sexuality was created with the twin purposes of procreation and intimacy and erectile dysfunction treatments are therefore only acceptable once they are taken within a marriage. For example, Christianity teaches that sexual intercourse must take place exclusively within marriage. Outside of marriage it always constitutes grave sin and excludes one from sacramental Communion. Therefore, because sex outside of marriage is immoral, then the use of Viagra — a drug specifically used to assist males to be able to have sexual intercourse — would most naturally be condemned as immoral if used by single men. Within marriage the use of drugs such as Viagra to help overcome pathological conditions can certainly not be immoral. Similarly, according to Islamic teachings impotency is a disease and should be dealt with as any disease. To seek a cure for a disease is advised by Prophet Mohammed (P) who said that “God has created no disease unless he created a cure for it as well, except old age”. Islam also warns of several social problems in the use of Viagra indiscriminately, claiming it may lead to more sexual promiscuity and infidelity. Islam forbids celibacy as a form of religious practice, and considers the natural state for humans to be married.
Interestingly the Catholic Church, whose teachings forbid contraception has approved of the use of Viagra. The difference between use of such drugs and artificial contraceptives is that contraceptives do not help overcome a pathological condition. Being fertile is not a pathology. Viagra does not go against nature — it assists nature. Artificial contraception does not assist nature — it goes against nature. One interferes with God’s will, but apparently the other does not. Judaism also prohibits sexual relations outside of heterosexual marriage, so if Viagra is taken within marriage then is is deemed acceptable. However, the drug was previously prohibited because its coating was considered not kosher, inedible over Passover, when contact with everyday ingredients, known as hametz, is forbidden under Jewish law. A leading Israeli rabbi reversed the ban in 2005, saying that the pill can be swallowed if it is encased in a special soluble kosher capsule first. Viagra’s Israeli manufacturer, Pfizer Pharmaceuticals-Israel, said swallowing the capsule does not breach Jewish law because the Viagra would not come into direct contact with the body.